Covid-19 and blood clots: All that you must know

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The world is battling coronavirus in the intervening time, which is understood to have an effect on totally different folks in numerous methods. “Together with fever and lung fibrosis, even blood clotting could also be seen in some sufferers,” stated Dr Chetan Bhambure, guide interventional heart specialist, Wockhardt Hospital, Mira Street.

All the things that you must find out about blood clotting

Clotting of blood is beneficial in an harm. But when it clots inside a blood vessel with out harm, it may possibly trigger life-threatening problems. The virus invades and damages endothelial cells, triggering the physique’s clotting mechanism. The injury to the tissues round them as a consequence of viral an infection or the physique’s immune response causes elevated clotting. A rise in inflammatory molecules that our immune system produces in response to viral an infection can activate clotting. Numerous research have steered that the platelets of individuals hospitalised with COVID-19 have been discovered to be hyperactive, having elevated activation and aggregation (clumping), he defined.

Who’s at a better danger of creating blood clots?

Some individuals are at larger danger for creating clots. “These embody hospitalised sufferers, sufferers with excessive blood ranges of d-dimer (a marker for clotting), and comorbidities like coronary heart illness, diabetes, and weight problems. Thus, these sufferers have to be further cautious in the event that they contract the covid an infection,” expressed Dr Bhambure.

Right here’s what to bear in mind about blood clots and COVID 19. (Picture: Pixabay)

Clotting may cause a number of problems like a coronary heart assault if an artery of the center will get blocked; stroke whereby an artery of the mind is blocked inflicting paralysis; pulmonary embolism whereby an artery within the lungs will get blocked inflicting a sudden drop in blood strain and blood oxygen ranges; limb ischemia which is a clot within the artery of legs; mesenteric ischemia that may be a clot within the arteries supplying blood to the intestines; deep vein thrombosis whereby blood clots within the veins of the legs can lead to pulmonary embolism; and cerebral venous sinus thrombosis which is clots within the veins of the mind.

What’s the therapy?

The therapy: The sufferers who at excessive danger of creating clots are handled with a blood thinner or an anticoagulant which is able to forestall clots formation. Even injections and medicine as prescribed by the physician will likely be given to those sufferers, stated Dr Bhambure.

The best way to forestall blood clots?

The chance of blood clotting may be lowered by staying lively. Train frequently and keep away from sitting for lengthy hours.

Dropping extra weight can assist to scale back the chance of blood clotting in overweight folks. Quit smoking. Smoking damages the lungs and might improve the possibilities of blood clotting. “Sure medicines like oral contraceptives, hormone alternative remedy, and sure most cancers medicine can improve the chance of clotting. Therefore, this must be mentioned with the treating physician,” remarked Dr Bhambure.

Takeaway: One of the best ways to assist forestall COVID-19-related blood clots is by taking steps to keep away from getting contaminated. The best method to keep away from this extremely contagious virus is to apply bodily distancing, wash arms incessantly, put on a face masks correctly, and keep away from touching the nostril, mouth, and eyes with unwashed arms.

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